The Black Panther Party
Author: Emmanouil S. Karousos
Publisher: GIRES Press
Publish: 01 Feb, 2021
Pages: 200 Pages
Country of Publication: The Netherlands
GIRES-The Global Institute for Research, Education & Scholarship welcomes one of its very own members, Emmanouil (Manos) S. Karousos, and proudly presents his first book “Black Panther Party: Past Explorations, Present Interpretations” that will be published by GIRES Press until the end of 2020.
The book offers insights and a detailed examination of the entire activity of the Black Panther Party (BPP) in order to explore its actions, failures, successes and legacy.
The analysis starts from its very first day of its establishment in 1966 until its end in June 1982. The book will present the background that helped the Party arise, both politically and socially, the survival programs that the party offered to the people and for some, during the late sixties and seventies, were considered as a pioneer social policy for African Americans. Questions that focus on the the reasons that the Party gain notoriety and why high number of members were recruited would be examined as well in an effort to understand the reasons why young African Americans believed the Party’s ideals. Did they believe in the feasibility of project or they fall for the utopia?
The book also focuses on the exceptional role of Pantherettes, the female members, who were considered as equals despite the fact that the Party was mainly promoted chauvinism was recognized by its heavy masculinity. The Pantherettes were running the organization and were responsible for its proper daily function. Also the book offers plenty examples that prove that women in the Party were not considered vulnerable or in a disadvantageous position in comparison with male members.
The role of power will also be examined so one can understand some of the reasons the Party lost its vibe. Did the Party’s leaders fulfill their vision or they got blind from their power and lost their path? Extensive reference will be made on the separation into two camps and to the intra-party conflicts that eventually led the Party to its demise. A critical examination of Huey P. Newton’s and Eldridge Cleaver’s handlings of the Party’s policy along with FBI’S and J.E. Hoover’s personal role in the Party’s fail, will be at the core of the analysis. Our readers will understand the methods the government implemented that led to the complete suppress of BPP.
The book will identify the role of the BPP in local politics and offer insights on its values and norms. What was their connection with religion? Where they leftists or anarchists? What was their connection with Maoism?
A pioneer approach is the books effort to explore the connection between the Black Lives Matter (BLM) Movement with the BPP. How contemporary are the methods of the Panthers in the current reality in American politics and how the social unrest can connect them? What are the similarities and differences between them? Can BLM be considered as the successor of the BPP? Through the comparison we will examine the changes made both in political and social level in the United States. so we offer our readers the tools to track the numerous examples of structural racism in the American society. Fifty-four years after the BPP and some of the problems not only seem present but in many aspects it the conditions seems deteriorated. Has the role of African Americans changed over these decades? What is the role of racial segregation, the rise (once again) of white supremacy and why police and national guard have used excessive force? What is the role of media and how (if) they were manipulated by the local, state and federal governments?
The book offers information of the Party’s cultural background, the aftermath of some of its members and their lives as civilians along with a detailed timeline of the Party’s actions. The rich photographic material will travels our readers in time and make a vivid representation of the phenomenon of the Black Panther’s Party.
Table of Contents
- The Beginning of the Party
B.1. Gaining Fame
B.2. The ideological background and values of the Party
Β.3. The structure of the Party
- The Ten Point Program
- Survival Programs
D.1. Intercommunal Youth Institute
D.2. Community Learning Center
D.3. Son of A Man Temple
D.4. S.A.F.E (Seniors Against Fearful Environment)
D.5. People’s Free Medical Research Health Clinics
D.6. Free Breakfast for Schoolchildren Program
D.7. Free Food Program
D.8. Black Student Alliance
D.9. Intercommunal News Service
D.10. People’s Free Clothing Program/ People’s Free Shoe Program
D.11. Child Development Center
- Gender Dynamics
- Panthers and the Media
F.1. The Panther’s Newspaper
F.2. The Representation of the Party by the Media
G.The Split of the Party
G.1. Why the Party failed
G.2. Panthers and Anarchism
- Could the BLM be the continuation of the BPP?
J Table of Allies and Organizations that have been inspired by the BPP
- Brief Chronology of the BPP
Emmanouil (Manos) S. Karousos is a social scientist with a BA in Social Anthropology and an MA in Sociology. He is and a member of the Graduate Board of GIRES- The Global Institute for Research, Education & Scholarship. His research and academic interests focus on the African American culture, specifically in the victimization and prisonization of African Americans. He has a special interest in prison oriented issues, ghetto and gang culture while his MA Thesis examined the Black Panther Party where he set the cultural background of it. He has written about the prison conditions in Greece and furthermore, how the culture is connected with the institutionalization through several research programs which are will be published during 2020. He is an associate researcher and member at the Center for the Study of Crime and also a member of the editorial team of the e-journal “CrimeTimes.gr”. He has also conducted numerous interviews with people who were released from jail, in association with “Onisimos”, a NGO that helps prisoners who are currently incarcerated or ex-convincts with major socioeconomic problems.
He has attended successfully the ESTEEM4SKILLS(Enhancing Social Sciences Graduates Transversal Entreprenurial and Employment Skills) program for social scientists as a leader of his team on the workshop weekend and also as a desk researcher at CMT Prooptiki in the topic of “Roma political participation”. He has attended numerous seminars about Sociology and Criminology. He was awarded with a scholar prize during his first university year from National Scholarship Foundation. Manos a fervent activist with vulnerable social groups.